Clostridium perfringens type D bacteria produce the toxins responsible for enterotoxaemia. The condition results in rapid death from a bowel infection with death often coming before the goat shows signs of diarrhoea. The common signs are sudden loss of appetite, depression and a drunken appearance. A high temperature and diarrhoea may be seen; the animal becomes recumbent and rapidly deteriorates before death occurs.

Vaccination with Lambivac will prevent the disease; an initial course of two injections is required followed by 6 monthly boosters.